While Building Information Modeling has been around since at least the 1970s, the proliferation of digital technology over the past ten years has allowed Building Information Modeling to gain traction in the realm of building and construction. Building Information Modeling (otherwise known as BIM) is a concept that revolves around the automation of building tasks into representative digital spheres, as a method of promoting efficiency and control over our construction processes.
This ample recreation of our physical and functional assets into digital representations allows us greater control over every single aspect of the building process. This is important from a project management perspective, as it not only promotes efficient hierarchical organization, however also allows for greater communication between managers and on-site workers.
BIM can help assist in the detailed planning of a building’s internal layout, visualize the impact the construction of a building maintains on its surrounding infrastructure, as well as fine-tune relevant high-level details of a project, such as the quality and quantity of material being used in construction. This allows all employees, from CEO to supervisor, to stay on the same level and create greater accountability over what is taking place on a project.
Traditional building design once relied upon two-dimensional technical drawings, which are not only difficult to gauge and modify, however difficult to scale when changes and recommendations are being suggested. While design may seem like a largely aesthetic craft, the architectural design of a building must take into account thousands of different factors, which basic technical drawings simply cannot convey.
This digitalization is particularly helpful for the construction of large structures such as hospitals, airports, high-rise buildings and large precincts, where construction may be highly applicable to building regulations and clashes over structural design are frequent.
On small-scale projects that most mid-to-small-size companies carry out, such as for the applications of roadworks and residential constructions, BIM may not be necessary, especially if there is a tight coupling between workers and supervisors. What is most important on a construction project is communication and BIM methodologies must be seen as an extension of this philosophy, rather than an additional extra to an effective building process.
There are many different types of BIM systems available on the market, all catering to the needs of particular industries. Some BIM systems focus on digital visualizations, while other BIM systems can be personally constructed depending on the number of features that best suit your company’s needs. Many systems focus more on creating detailed non-relational databases to represent vital building information. Either way, there is sure to be a customized solution to suit your needs.
BIM technologies are considered intuitive because they allow for greater collaboration, productivity and insight into the building process. With competition becoming increasingly taut in the realm of construction, companies need to leverage all available technologies to ensure that projects are being delivered in time and within budget. Utilizing BIM systems are a sure-fire way to ensure this advantage and assist in creating efficient business workflows.